• Place of Daegu within Korea

    Daegu is the third largest city in Korea and home to over 2.5 million friendly citizens. Located in Korea’s southeast, Daegu is kept busy with visitors coming to its international airport and 3 railroads, including the high-speed KTX. Additionally, the city is a vital traffic hub in the region, connected with 7 expressways and 7 national highways.

  • Nature of Daegu

    Located in a basin surrounded by nearby Palgong and Biseul mountains, Daegu is straddled by the Sincheon River that runs through the city before meeting up with the Geumho River. Geumho River later joins into the Nakdong River, which is an abundant water resource for enhancing Daegu’s economy and its positive effects on local climate.

  • Climate of Daegu

    As there are trees lining seemingly every street, you can feel a sense of refreshment while walking through Daegu. Daegu has since bloomed into a green, eco-friendly city, recently gaining global attention as being branded a ‘Solar City’ from the IEA.

  • Industry of Daegu

    Although the economy is widely diversified, core businesses of Daegu include textiles, fashion, machinery, metal, and glass manufacturing industries. An expansive industry structure has taken shape through industrial structure acceleration and launching high-tech industries such as IT and BT, among others. Of late, Daegu has been centered on promoting future knowledge-based industries while building R&D infrastructure, attracting both domestic and international companies and manpower to join the city on its way forward.

  • Education of Daegu

    Operating with the slogan “To Promote Creative and Moral Global Citizens”, Daegu is a renowned educational city, intent on constantly evolving its education environment. As a result of the dozens of world-class universities and colleges in the Daegu and Gyeongsan vicinity, various international events and conferences have been held and enhanced in our city.

  • History of Daegu

    Dating back to as early as the 1st century BC, people have lived in the area and historically referred to this place as ‘Dalgubeol’. However, since the 35th Gyeongduk King of the Silla Dynasty, it was branded as being ‘Daegu’, a name that has stood the test of time. During the Joseon Dynasty, there were highly spirited acts of volunteerism and community development, whenever they faced a national crisis. Since then, the strength and vigor that Daegu exhibited during hardship has been channeled into becoming the region’s role model for urban development and economic prosperity.

Daegu of Daegu
With its geographically endowed fertile fields enclosed by Geumhogang River and its tributary Sincheon, Daegu has been home to a large population since prehistoric times, helping the settlers to create a rich and unique cultural heritage. Archaeologists have recently discovered microblades at the Paleolithic site in Wolseong-dong, revealing that the city saw its beginnings some twenty thousand years ago. They have also established how Neolithic people settled down on the alluvial lands around the small rivers to be found, such as today’s Seobyeon-dong in Buk-gu, Daebong-dong in Jung-gu, and Sang-dong in Suseong-gu.
In the Bronze Age, numerous villages sprang up along the Geumhogang and Sincheon Rivers and continued to expand with their growing populations, eventually resulting in the development of clan-based political entities. These early settlers in this part of Korea left a wealth of cultural remains, including undecorated pottery and dolmens. The tribal state formed in today’s Daegu, in the first century BCE, was called either Dalgubeol or Dalgubul, and it was incorporated into Silla in the fourth century.
t was in 757, when Silla was under the rule of its 35th monarch King Gyeongdeok, that the kingdom began to use the name Daegu (大丘), literally “large hill.” Then the second Chinese character (丘) of the name was changed to the current one (邱), meaning “land”, in 1778 when it appeared in The Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty (Joseon Wangjo Sillok).
n the Silla Period, Buddhism exerted a strong influence across Daegu, resulting in the production of a wealth of Buddhist cultural heritages, including large monasteries, such as Donghwasa and Pagyesa, Buddhist statues, stone pagodas and temple bells. Daegu grew rapidly during the following Goryeo and Joseon Periods to become a political, military and transport hub in the southeastern part of the Korean Peninsula. Daegu’s population and agricultural production also grew rapidly.
In 1448, the Joseon government, under King Sejong’s reign, established the country’s first Sachang or “communal granary” aimed at the relief of the poor. When the Imjin Waeran broke out when the Japanese invaded Korea in 1592, it played a central role in the valiant resistance shown by the regional civilian volunteer army. The strategic importance of the city was rediscovered during the war and led the government to establish the Provincial Office (Gamyeong) of Gyeongsang, laying a firm foundation for Daegu to further grow into a center of transportation, military and administration for the entire Yeongnam Region.
When Korea was forced to accept Japanese colonial rule in the first half of the 20th century, Daegu became a breeding ground of patriotic movements that culminated in the National Debt Repayment Movement, a movement held in 1907 to receive people’s donations to pay off the national debt the Korean Government owed to Japan. The city also continued to breed civilian patriots that continued to fight for Korean independence and freedom until the end of Japanese colonial rule in 1945.
The role of Daegu in the protection of democracy and freedom continued even after the colonial era. It became the last stronghold to maintain the Nakdonggang Defense Line against the North Korean communist forces during the Korean War (1950-1953) and bred the February 28 Democratic Students Movement in 1960, which made an important contribution to the April 19th Revolution.
In the 1960s, the city underwent rapid industrial development, surpassing its rival cities in the textile industry in particular. In the following decade, Daegu grew into one of the country’s three largest cities along with Seoul and Busan. Daegu in the 21st century is one of the most thriving metropolitan cities in the region, providing venues for some of the world’s largest cultural events, such as the 2003 Summer Universiade and the 2011 IAAF World Championships. Today, the city is committed to ensuring a new, brighter future under the motto “Daegu, a Global Leader of Knowledge-Based Economy” via its systematic efforts directed at developing its knowledge industry, green growth, and education and culture.


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